Pyrrolidine, also known as tetrahydropyrrole, is a saturated five-membered heterocyclic ring, which is miscible with water. Pyrrolidine exists in many alkaloids and drug molecules, such as kappa opioids, antagonists of dopamine D4 receptors, and HIV reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
Benzene is an important organic compound with the chemical formula C6H6, and its molecule consists of a ring of 6 carbon atoms, each with 1 hydrogen atom. Benzene is a sweet, flammable, colorless and transparent liquid with carcinogenic toxicity at room temperature, and has a strong aromatic odor. It is insoluble in water, easily soluble in organic solvents, and can also be used as an organic solvent itself. The ring system of benzene is called benzene ring, and the structure after removing one hydrogen atom from the benzene ring is called phenyl. Benzene is one of the most important basic organic chemical raw materials. Many important chemical intermediates can be derived from benzene through substitution reaction, addition reaction and benzene ring cleavage reaction.
Pyrrole is a five membered heterocyclic compound with the molecular formula of C4H5N. Pyrrole has a ring composed of four carbon atoms and one nitrogen atom. Pyrrole is easy to polymerize in the air. Pyrrole is the parent compound of many important biological substances (such as bile pigment, porphyrin and chlorophyll). Pyrrole scaffolds are widely used in biological and pharmaceutical fields. Pyrrole is a special heterocyclic scaffold, which exists in many natural products, drug molecules and pesticides, and has shown its application in materials science.