Bridged ring compound refers to any two rings in the compound, which share two non-directly connected carbon atoms, and are classified into bicyclic hydrocarbons, tricyclic hydrocarbons, tetracyclic hydrocarbons, etc. Carbon atoms used in two or more rings are bridgehead carbon atoms, and the bond connecting the bridgehead carbon atoms is called a bridge. Bridged ring compounds are a class of organic compounds that are widely present in nature and usually have important physiological activities, such as the famous anticancer drug paclitaxel and antimalarial drug artemisinin.
bridged compounds,bridged bicyclic compounds
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The molecular structure of cyclobutane has four carbon atoms, and its four carbon atoms are not in the same plane, which is the folded conformation of cyclobutane. Cyclobutane itself is not of commercial or biological interest, but more complex derivatives are important in biology and biotechnology. Currently, nine FDA-approved drugs contain the cyclobutane structure. From the perspective of therapeutic areas, cyclobutyl drugs are mainly distributed in popular areas such as tumors, neurological diseases, infectious diseases, endocrine and metabolic diseases.
Cyclohexane is an organic compound with a chemical formula C6H12. It is a colorless liquid with a pungent odor, insoluble in water, and soluble in most organic solvents such as ethanol, ether, benzene, and acetone. Cyclohexyl fragments are a common structure in both natural and synthetic drugs. It can be used as both core structure and part of achiral side chain.